The Immigration Levels Plan is a guidance for the amount of immigrants that Canada intends to admit over the following three years.
The Canadian government has now revealed its Immigration Levels Plan for 2023 to 2025.
In 2023, Canada aims to accept 465 000 new immigrants.
In 2024, the objective will increase to 485,000 new immigrants.
It will reach 500,000 additional immigrants by 2025.
In 2021, Canada broke its all-time immigration record by accepting more than 405,000 immigrants; this year, it anticipates welcoming almost 432,000 immigrants.
The Immigration Levels Plan serves as a guidance for the annual number of immigrants Canada intends to admit. Canada’s immigration objectives include economic expansion, the reunification of families, and the provision of asylum to individuals fleeing persecution abroad.
Express Entry and PNP objectives will expand
The bulk of new permanent residents immigrate through economic class programs, such as Express Entry and provincial nomination schemes (PNPs).
The landing quotas for Express Entry (applicants, spouses, and dependents) will increase as follows:
- 82,880 in 2023
- 109,020 in 2024
- 114,000 in 2025
The PNP will continue to be Canada’s premier admissions program for immigrants from economic classes, and targets will expand to:
- 105,500 in 2023
- 110,000 in 2024
- 117,500 in 2025
Increased PGP admissions
IRCC is also charged with reuniting families. The Immigration Levels Plan lists family class sponsorship as the second largest permanent residence category after economic class programs. Under family class immigration programs, candidates for permanent residency are sponsored by a spouse, partner, or other family member.
Under the Spouses, Partners, and Children program, Canada will continue to seek approximately 80,000 new immigrants annually.
Parents and Grandparents Program targets will increase to 28,500 in 2023, 34,000 in 2024, and 36,000 in 2025.
The number of refugees and humanitarians will be reduced
Refugees and humanitarian immigrants are also allotted a certain number of visas under the Immigration Levels Plan. Canada has a longstanding reputation for granting asylum to displaced individuals fleeing danger in their home countries.
Due to its continuous efforts to fulfill multiple programs, including the acceptance of around 40,000 Afghan migrants, Canada now has high humanitarian class objectives.
In 2023 and 2024, the target for additional refugee arrivals will be just over 76,000, before dropping to 72,750 in 2025.
The same holds true for the humanitarian class, whose aim decreases from over 16,000 in 2023 to 8,000 in 2025.
Why Canada Requires Immigrants?
Canada encourages high levels of immigration to maintain its robust economy.
Canada has one of the oldest populations and one of the lowest birth rates in the world. This results in economic and fiscal strains. Canada’s low rate of natural population increase contributes to its low rates of labor force and economic expansion. Low economic growth makes it difficult for Canada to raise the taxes required to fund social spending on services such as education, health care, and other essential areas that contribute to the country’s high level of living.
Since the late 1980s, Canada has increased its immigration numbers in order to boost its population, labor force, and economic growth. Immigration currently accounts for the bulk of Canada’s population and labor force growth, as well as a greater proportion of its economic expansion.
Consider that by 2030, nine million baby boomers in Canada will have reached the age of retirement. This implies Canada will have fewer workers at a time when its health care spending will increase. To address this issue, Canada has been proactive for over three decades by steadily increasing its immigration quotas.
Since 1988, Canada has consistently welcomed over 200,000 immigrants annually, as indicated in the graph below. In recent years, the company has opted to grow its annual levels to around 400 thousand. The current immigration rate in Canada is approximately 1.1%. In other words, per capita, Canada accepts three times as many immigrants as the United States.
On the basis of its demographic realities and immigration trends, it looks likely that Canada’s immigration numbers will continue to rise steadily in the foreseeable future. Immigration will continue to be essential to the nation’s economy and fiscal predicament.
Moreover, it is plausible to argue that immigration’s significance has increased as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. In the short term, COVID-19 has harmed the Canadian economy and increased government spending on social services. In 2019, the birth rate in Canada plummeted to its lowest level ever, 1.47 children per woman. Given the low birth rate previous to the pandemic and the possibility that the pandemic would further cut the birth rate owing to economic instability, Canada will become even more reliant on immigration in the future years for population expansion. If Canada’s birth rate remains low, immigration will account for a greater proportion of labour force growth in the coming decades. Following COVID-19, Canada will need to bolster its revenue base through immigration to finance government spending.
Canada’s Immigration Programs: An Overview
More over half of anticipated admissions through the multi-year levels plan are economic immigrants, a substantial contributor to Canada’s economic growth.
Almost half of anticipated economic admissions will be made through federal Express Entry system programs:
- The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program
- The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC);
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) of Canada also plays a significant role in economic immigration. This program permits participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate for permanent residence immigration candidates who meet the requirements of the local labor market.
The Multi-Year Immigration Levels Plan includes the following immigration programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program:
This Express Entry-managed program is for immigrants having the necessary education, work experience, English and/or French proficiency, and other abilities to establish themselves economically in Canada.
- Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC):
The Federal Skilled Trades Class, which is managed by Express Entry, is for foreign workers with qualifications in a skilled trade.
- CEC: Canadian Experience Class
The Canadian Experience Class is administered by the Express Entry system, and it accepts expressions of interest from foreign employees with Canadian work experience or recent Canadian university graduates working in Canada.
- Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP):
The Atlantic Immigration Pilot permits some Atlantic Canada firms to recruit and hire foreign skilled employees and international graduates (Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick).
- Caregivers Program:
Canada permits eligible foreign caregivers of children and those with high medical needs to seek for permanent residence.
- Federal Business (Start-Up Visa Program and Self-Employed Person):
Foreigners who meet the eligibility requirements of federal business class programs have the opportunity to operate new or existing businesses in Canada.
- PNP: Provincial Nominee Program
This program permits participating provinces and territories to submit applicants for permanent residence in Canada who qualify for economic immigration.
- Quebec Skilled Worker Program and Quebec Business:
Quebec operates its own immigration system outside of the federal system. For the years 2019 to 2021, the Government of Quebec has not yet set its planned levels.
Family Class Programs
- Spousal/Common-law Partner Sponsorship and Dependent Child
- Parent and Grandparents Program
- Refugees and Protected Persons, Humanitarian and other
- Protected Persons in Canada and Dependents Abroad
- Privately-Sponsored Refugees
- Blended Visa Office Referred
- Government-Assisted Refugees
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